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What is laser hair removal?

We all want to get rid of unwanted hair in the fastest way possible and have brilliant skin. The most effective method for this is laser hair removal. What is laser hair removal?

Laser hair removal is the transmission of different wavelengths of laser light to the lower layers of the skin in order to weaken the roots of unwanted hair. The roots of the hairs will not lose their function at once. For this reason, the process needs to be repeated. The number of times the process repeats is determined by the structure of your hair and in appropriate intervals. One of the most frequently asked questions about the most commonly used method to get rid of unwanted hair in recent years is: "What are the dangers of laser hair removal?" As long as you don’t do it consecutively for years every month, research shows that 4-5 sessions of laser hair removal does not hold health risks.

However, the condition of your skin, how the application is done, and the maintenance you provide your skin afterwards is important.

Firstly, your skin should not have any skin irritations like acne, herpes or eczema. Also you should definitely not have laser hair removal if your skin feels like its burning or irritated by the sun or solarium. In cases like this laser hair removal may have the following negative reactions: Chronic itching and burning can be felt on the skin, swelling may occur, result in acne, scarring which becomes permanent. Other than these, if the application is done incorrectly, blemishes can appear on your skin. If your hair colour is very light the laser beams may have difficulty registering your hair. If your hair is very coarse and dark the laser may have difficulty effecting your hair's roots.   In both cases, the individual applying the laser hair removal must not increase the wave length and frequency of the laser beams. Otherwise, the damage caused by the laser hair removal increases. Your skin won’t only get blemishes, they can be permanent.

After each application you should make sure that the treated area does not see sunlight for about 3 weeks. You can use creams, oils to protect your skin against ultraviolet A and ultraviolet B rays. But remember that these creams and oils can nourish the roots of the hairs that you are trying to get rid of. In these cases, the damage made by laser hair removal is that you hair will come out again and the money you paid for this application will go to waste.


What are the types of laser hair removal?

Alexandrite Laser: A very effective laser type for light skin individuals with black hair. Generally, many people in society are light-skinned and dark hair. Alexandrite aims to achieve permanent and effective results by reaching the hair follicles. With the dynamic cooling system, there is little pain to be felt. Since the device is not in contact with your skin, you will not have any hygienic problems.

Nd-yag Laser: A type of laser that can be applied to all skin tones. It is also effective in light colored, fine hair. It can be applied to the darkest skin types, even bronze. For this reason, there is no problem in summer implementation. Nd-yag aims to achieve permanent and effective results by reaching the hair follicle. There is a special cooler unit that protects the outermost layer of the skin while the laser energy focuses deeper. With this type of laser, you will not have any hygiene related problems because there is no contact formed with the skin.

Light-based systems (such as IPL and Blue Light: These are not actual laser hair removal, but only intensified light systems. These methods do not have the power to reach the deep roots and destroy the hair root. They are regarded only as a method of modern waxing and have a temporary effect. There may be hygiene problems as the device touches the skin during application. You cannot get rid of body hair permanently using these methods



Which Laser type is most effective?

One of Adana Estelite Aesthetics Center’s Founders Dr. Gizem Toktaş Geylani provided information about Laser Hair removal


Emphasizing that since the technology has been developed, the discussions of which laser type is better continues. Gizem Toktaş Geylani stated, "It is not easy to answer this issue. Each system has a weak side and a superior side, and they are generally close to each other. In addition, a system that is very good for anyone can be disappointing for someone else. " Dr. Geylani stated that the prevailing view is that Alexandrite, which has the so-called "Long Pulse”, has a distinct advantage over Diode and Nd-yag devices

Describing Diode laser Dr. Geylani considers it to be the future of the laser hair removal "However, it is disadvantageous that it can easily become painful in cases and create burns with models which don’t have cooling systems. However, in newly developed lasers like Ice laser, such disadvantages have been overcome. Particularly in the facial region and the arms and male back region where hairs are more deeply imbedded; excellent results are attained”

Regarding the Nd Yag laser Dr. Gizem Toktaş Geylani draws attention to; it being a system that can be used safely even on especially dark skinned individuals for laser hair removal. It’s effectivity is lower than other systems but, it is a safe alternative for individuals with dark skin.


Dr. Geylani pointed out that Alexandrite laser is a proven system that can be safely used, "Patient compliance and comfort are excellent. In olive skinned and darker toned individuals the effect may be less. However, the new system uses cooling, which means that the lasers can come up to a more effective level without causing burns. " Dr. Gizem Toktaş Geylani pointed out that other than very light coloured hairs,laser hair removal will provide good results after the appropriate laser is selected, they continued by mentioning: “Here the pigment of the hair root is important. So black or brown hair treatment is the best responding group. White and grey do not respond to treatment. The correct method; is to choose the device according to hair and skin type and to make changes if necessary. "


What should be considered when choosing where to get laser hair removal?

Expert Aesthetician Aynur Arslan from the Department of Dermatology at Central Hospital told us what you need to pay attention to when choosing where to get laser hair removal.


  • For your continuity and safety, you should choose a center with a specialist physician.
  • Your consultation and pre-procedural examination must be made by a qualified physician and checked whether the laser treatments are appropriate for your health. Take into account whether the doctor you are seeing answers your questions regarding laser applications adequately.
  • Unless you have a very good reference or a center that you trust with entirely, don’t buy package campaigns or pay in advance, even if the price is tempting.
  • During your consultation if the doctor doesn’t conduct a check, and straight away wants to start the treatment and asks you to sign a permission form while offering you tempting payment deals, you should ask to speak with the responsible physician at the center.
  •  Be aware of clinic’s which use terms like ‘until its gone’ or guarantee complete removal ( permanent hair removal with laser hair removal method never removes 100%), Ask what kind of scientific study supports this information and guarantees 100% removal, Please pay attention to which training and qualification level these individuals are at. While these expressions aren’t even being used by health care professionals who focus on this subject matter, participates in conferences at home as well as abroad, and follows scientific publications, which even himself/herself publishes articles.
  • Laser hair removal in beauty salons is strictly prohibited. You can get IPL for laser hair removal purposes, but keep your expectation of the results permanence low. When used improperly, IPL can cause serious burns to the skin, causing hair to become firmer instead of diminishing.


What points should be paid attention to regarding Laser Hair removal?

Bioritm Beauty Center describes what needs to be known about laser hair removal


  • At least 1 month prior to laser hair removal treatment and during, application such as waxing or epilators which remove the hair root should not be performed.
  • Do not use hair lightening products before treatment.
  • Patients with recurrent skin infections should be treated before treatment. Side effects should always be questioned in individuals who use regular medication.
  • The application area must be clean. All cosmetic products and makeup on the body or the face should be cleaned.
  • Before laser hair removal a test beam of a single laser shot should be conducted. The reaction of the body should be observed between 24 and 48 hours and it should be determined accordingly whether the individual is eligible for laser hair removal.
  • After laser application, there may be a slight redness ranging from mild to dark and a slight swelling around the hair root. If this reaction does not go away within 1-2 days, a specialist should be consulted.
  • Especially regarding radiofrequency diode laser or radiofrequency IPL devices if there is no sensitivity present on the same day as the laser session, you can sunbathe, If there is sensitivity then after 1 week sunbathing is allowed. It is advisable to use a good product with a high protection factor when sunbathing during laser hair removal sessions.


Everything you need to know about laser hair removal in 10 questions.

Member of the board of the Turkish Dermatology Association. Dr. Osman Köse answered the most frequently asked questions about laser hair removal.

Laser hair removal, which is frequently used nowadays, is almost an indispensable requirement for women. However, there are still false information that we often hear about in this matter, with no scientific basis. A Laser; is not a ‘x’ light ray or ultraviolet light. It is not a light that will harm the body. They only effect the hair. The effect ceases when treatment is finished.

Does laser hair removal cause infertility?

Laser hair removal does not lead to infertility. The laser is a device that only exerts a heat effect to the hair root at depth of 0.5-1 millimeters, which is not harmful to the person and only has an effect on the root. The laser application applied to the genital areas to eliminate superficial hairs, does not affect the ovaries that are far away from the area and therefore does not cause infertility.


After Laser hair removal will the hairs re-appear over time?

Laser hair removal applied at appropriate frequencies and intervals will last a long time and hair will not come out again. Laser treatment generally eliminates more than 80% of hairs when it is done at 1 to 1.5 month intervals for 8 sessions; which is regarded as success in treatment.


Does underarm laser applications affect the lymph nodes?

The lymph nodes under the arm on average are located 2-3 cm under the surface. It is impossible for Laser beams to reach. For this reason, underarm laser treatment does not affect the lymph nodes. It does not cause lymphatic illnesses in any way.

If the laser beam comes to a mole, will we get skin cancer?

Moles and freckles on the skin are not affected by laser lights. Laser lights are not the ultraviolet rays that can cause cancer in moles. Solar ultraviolet lights can lead to dangerous growths of some moles. For this reason, even if a laser light comes in contact with a mole, it certainly does not cause the skin to get skin cancer. Only their color may darken for 10 days and this will quickly fade away.

Is facial laser treatment dangerous?

The facial region, unlike other body parts, is a region that is more prone to the effects of hormones. There are also numerous baby hairs prominent on the face. For this reason; in comparison to armpit, leg and similar regions, the number of sessions will be more. There is no danger affiliated with facial laser applications. However, the type of laser to be selected and the number of applications must be determined before the laser session.

Will it increase the number of spider veins in the legs?

The laser light applied to the leg area does not increase spider veins. The capillaries in the legs are more to do with long periods of standing. The laser light emitted by the laser does not affect the capillaries. Therefore, it does not cause new spider vein formation.

Are lazers and IPL (intense pulsed light) the same?

The medical devices used for laser hair removal are devices that emit light frequencies at various depths under different names, whereas the IPL device that makes intense light pulses is not a laser. The effectiveness of IPL devices is weaker than laser devices and may cause the regrowth of hair.

Do lasers affect and cause harm to milk glands?

Laser treatments for unwanted hair on the nipple do not affect the milk ducts inside the nipples. The milk ducts are deeper and the laser lights remain on the surface. For this reason, laser hair removal methods do not affect milk glands.

Will chemotherapy treatments in the future be ineffective for people who have laser treatments?

When laser treatments are performed, the hair is destroyed by heat, they only reach one or two millimeters deep hairs. The effects last for as long as the hair is treated. There is no such effect on our body which spreads or continues. Since the effect will not continue after the treatment is finished, there is absolutely no question about it not interfering with future chemotherapy treatments. Laser hair removal applications must be done under the supervision of a physician. Do not risk your health. Take care that the places where you will get laser hair removal are licensed and certified centers from the Ministry of Health.

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